Family: Languriidae Coleoptera - Polyphaga - Tarsal formula 5-5-5
  Von Arved Lompe (n. Johnson)
Translated by: Mike Hackston
If you find any errors or omissions please mail me at
  The species of Languriidae are separated from those of family Erotylidae because the hollows into which the front coxae fit are open to the rear. Several of the genera of Languriidae were formerly placed in family Cryptophagidae, but these are now separated on the basis of the ± complete elytral epipleura, the hind tarsi always being 5-segmented in males but primarily on the basis of the structure of the metendosternite (the base of the metendosternite is located on hind coxae with its free end in the thorax, serving for muscle attachment). In Central Europe the family is represented by a few genera containing single species. The genera are also keyed out in the main family key into the families they were previously assigned.  
#1 Head with pointed temples behind the eyes (genus Eicolyctus Sahlberg)

   ...Zavaljus Reitter, 1880

-- Head without pointed temples behind the eyes - usually the head is retracted under the pronotum up to the eyes.


#2 The second and particularly the third segments of the tarsi are elongated into lobes on the underside. Elytra with punctures arranged in clear rows in between the dense punctures [Abb.1].

   ...Cryptophilus Reitter, 1874

Regarded by some authors as a separate family Cryptophilidae
-- Tarsi unlobed.


#3 Upper surface bare or with extremely short and sparse hair. Pronotum with a small longitudinal furrow in front of the base on each side. Elytra with a sinuous border at the base with the punctures arranged in rows.


-- Upper surface very clearly hairy. Pronotum without longitudinal furrows near the base. Elytra without a border at the base; punctures either random or arranged in rows.


#4 Eyes evenly convex, not projecting. Third segment of the antennae only very slightly longer than the second. Sides of the pronotum with a very strong keel-like border. The intercoxal process of the first visible sternite of the abdomen quite narrowly pointed.

   ...Pharaxonotha Reitter, 1875

-- Eyes distinctly convex, projecting. Third segment of the antennae much longer than the second. Pronotum with a fine border at the base. The intercoxal process of the first visible sternite of the abdomen is rounded.


#5 Antennae with a 2-segmented club. Body short and compact, similar to a species of Cis. Elytra with randomly punctured, without sutural striae [Abb.2].The front coxae are slightly broader than long [Abb.3].

   ...Setariola Jakobson, 1915

-- Antennae with a 3-segmented club. Body more elongate. The punctures on the elytra are either arranged in rows or randomly; if they are random then there is a distinct sutural stria in the rear half. The front coxae are nearly spherical.


#6 The front angles of the pronotum are not thickened. The pronotum is broadest in the middle and is roundly narrowed towards the front and rear. The third segment of the 8-segmented antenna is comparatively large. Elytra with random punctures. (Genus Haplolophus)

   ...Macrophagus Motschulsky, 1845

-- The front angles of the pronotum are only weakly thickened. Segments 3-8 of the antennae are slender. The punctures on the elytra are usually arranged in regular rows.

   ...Leucohimatium Rosenhauer, 1856

     First prepared: 22.01.2011
Latest edit: 09.02.2017 - 01:08:17
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
Käfer Europas by Arved Lompe and this translation by Mike Hackston
are licensed under a
Creative Commons International 4.0 License BY-SA